KEBERADAAN SAN REMO MANUAL 1994 DALAM KAITANNYA DENGAN UNCLOS 1982

Enny Narwati

Abstract


Pengaturan hukum perang di laut tidak mengalami perkembangan yang berarti sejak Konvensi Den Haag tahun 1907. Dengan adanya berbagai perkembangan yang ada memaksa masyarakat internasional untuk membuat berbagai penyesuaian berkaitan dengan pelaksanaan perang di laut. Perkembangan paling penting adalah dengan disahkannya UNCLOS 1982 di Montego Bay, Jamaika, yang berisi ketentuan tentang hak dan kewajiban Negara di laut. UNCLOS 1982 berlaku efektif pada tahun 1994. Semua ketentuan yang ada dalam UNCLOS 1982 berlaku pada masa damai, dan tidak ada satu ketentuanpun yang mengatur tentang penggunaan kekerasan ataupun peperangan. San Remo Manual 1994 berisi tentang pedoman pelaksanaan perang di laut. Karena itu perlu dikaji bagaimana kaitan antara San Remo Manual 1994 dengan UNCLOS 1982.

Setting the law of war at sea did not experience significant development since the Hague Convention of 1907. With the various developments that have forced the international community to make various adjusments relating to the conduct of the war at sea. The most important developments is the adoption of  UNCLOS in 1982 inMontego Bay,Jamaica, which contains provisions concering the rights and obligations of the State in the sea. UNCLOS in 1982 became effective in 1994. All the provisions in the 1982 UNCLOS applies in peacetime, and no one rule governing the use of violence or war. 1994 San Remo Manual contains the guidelines for conduct of the war at sea. Because it needs to be studied how the link between the San Remo Manual 1994 with the UNCLOS 1982. 


Keywords


hukum perang di laut; UNCLOS 1982; the San Remo Manual 1994; the law of war at sea

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30742/perspektif.v15i3.57

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