PROTECTION OF CHILDREN FROM CRIMINAL ACTION IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF A CHILD-FRIENDLY-CITY

Septiana Prameswari

Abstract


Since Indonesia ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child in the form of the Child Protection Act, the government has now started to pay attention to child issues. Children are in a period of growth, development, and achievement, in which children very easily absorb everything that happens to them, whether good or bad. Sadly, recently, many children have experienced criminal acts that have caused injuries to the children, not only physical injuries but also psychological/mental injuries. The problem of child protection is not only referring to children who are victims of criminal acts that receive legal protection, but also children of witnesses and children of criminal offenders who have the same legal protection needs. Various Problems of violence against children that occur and even polemics in households that consider violence against children is a natural way of educating children has become piecework for the government to protect children from other violent crimes. Currently, the government is trying to build a suitable city structure for children to live in. The regional government’s role, all law enforces, and the community is to manifest legal protection for children in a Child-Friendly-City structure.


Keywords


Child Protection; Childrens Rights; Child-Friendly-City

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References


Laws and Regulations:

The 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia.

Law Number 23 of 2002 on Child Protection.

Law Number 35 of 2014 Amending Law Number 23 of 2002 on Child Protection.

Law Number 11 of 2012 on the Child Criminal Justice System.

Surabaya Regional Regulation Number 6 of 2011 on The Implementation of Child Protection.

Books:

Ahmad Kamil dan Fauzan. (2017). Hukum Perlindungan dan Pengangkatan Anak di Indonesia. Depok: Rajawali Press, p. 71-72.

Peter Mahmud Marzuki. (2013). Penelitian Hukum. Jakarta: Kencana.

Journals:

Alit Kurniasari. (2019). Dampak Kekerasan Pada Kepribadian Anak. Sosio Informa. 5 (1), p. 19.

Dike Farizan Fadhlillah, Santoso Tri Raharjo, & Ishartono. (2015). “Pemenuhan Hak Anak Dalam Keluarga Di Lingkungan Prostitusi”. Prosiding Ks: Riset & Pkm. Vol. 2 No. 1.

Titik Suharti. (2006). “Sistem Pertanggungjawaban Pidana Pada Tindak Pidana Kekerasan Dalam Rumah Tangga”. Jurnal Perspektif, XI Number 1, p. 76.

Umi Enggarsasi. (2007). “Kedudukan dan Perlindungan Hukum Saksi Sebagai Alat Bukti Yang Sah Dalam Proses Peradilan Pidana di Indonesia”. Jurnal Perspektif, XII Number 2. p. 171.

Website:

The Ministry of Women’s Empowerment and Child Protection. (2016). “Kabupaten/Kota Layak Anak: Bahan Advokasi Kebijakan KLA”. https://www.kemenpppa.go.id/index.php/page/read/92/1234/k-l-a-kabupaten-kota-layak-anak.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30742/perspektif.v25i2.764

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